LCS Calypso is a follow up two-rowed winter malting barley release to LCS Violetta. Originally bred by Limagrain Europe, Calypso is currently being marketed internationally in Poland and Hungary. LCS Calypso is expected to have additional winter-hardiness over LCS Violetta, as it was bred to perform in continental as well as maritime climate zones in Europe. In US trials, LCS Calypso’s yield performance has been at or better than LCS Violetta. Certified seed of LCS Calypso will be sold with a single season use agreement by licensed Limagrain Cereal Seeds dealers.
MAJA is a six-rowed winter feed/malt barley. It was released by the Oregon AES in 2006 and licensed to AgriSource (Burley, Idaho). It is adoubled haploid developed from the F1 of the cross of Strider/88Ab536. Its experimental designation was STAB 113. Maja, like the 88Ab536 parent, is a facultative variety; it has a “winter” allele at the Vrn-H1locus on chromosome 5H but lacks the repressor encoded by the Vrn-H2 locus on 4H. This configuration of vernalization genes can lead to early maturity under some environmental conditions, and this feature could be an advantage in terms of flexibility in planting date, irrigation savings, and drought avoidance. It is a standard height selection with rough awns and a semi-compact spike. The grain has white aleurone. Maja has high test weight and showed promise as malting barley in repeated micro- tests, but it was ultimately not approved by the American Malting Barely Association (AMBA). It has a lower grain protein and enzyme level than is desired for production of lighter beers. At the time of evaluation it was resistant to stripe rust and susceptible to scald.
Puffin is a two-rowed proprietary winter malting barley exclusively licensed in 2017 to Origin Malts, by Limagrain Cereal Seeds. It is derived from the cross (‘Athos’ × ‘Maris Otter’) × ‘Igri’ and was developed by The Miln Marsters Group, Kings Lynn, Norfolk UK, and released in 1987. It has been tested in Ohio each year beginning 2010–2011. Winter-hardiness in Ohio is superior to that of U.S. two-row winter malting barley varieties Charles and Endeavor. Puffin has strong straw and is capable of producing good yields. It has resistance to Yellow and Brown rust, but is susceptible to Mildew and Net Blotch. It has medium maturity being similar to “Maja”,but two days later than “Thoroughbred”. Puffin has medium length rachilla hairs, awns longer than grain head, a semi-erect flag leaf, and a plant height of 37-39 inches at Wooster, Ohio. Other characteristics include medium to strong pigment color on the lower leaf sheaths, flag leaf auricle and awn tip. Leaf color is medium green. Puffin is a three generation variety (F,R,C). The originator specifies that Certified seed classes sold can only be used for producing grain for malting or feed purposes and grain is not to be planted or used as non-Certified seed. A license is required for seed production.
THOROUGHBRED is a high yielding, full season, awned, six-row hulled winter feed barley having very good straw strength, high test weight and bright plump seed. On average, head emergence of Thoroughbred is 2 days later than Wysor, 4 days later than Nomini and Price, and 6 days later than Callao. Average plant height is 3-4 inches taller than Callao and Price, and 3-4 inches shorter than Wysor and Nomini. Straw strength is similar to those of Price and Nomini, and better than those of Wysor and Callao. As a feed grain and rotational crop, Thoroughbred is superior to Nomini and Callao. Thoroughbred is resistant to powdery mildew and barley yellow dwarf virus. It is moderately susceptible to leaf rust and net blotch.
LCS VIOLETTA was bred and released originally by the Breun breeding program located in Germany. Through a business agreement, LCS Violetta is now being marketed in the US by Limagrain Cereal Seeds. LCS Violetta is a 2-row malting barley chosen to move forward as a commercial release because of its malting quality, resistance to pre-harvest sprouting, yield potential, early maturity, stiff straw, winter hardiness and tolerance to powdery mildew, BYDV, net blotch, leaf rust and scald. LCS Violetta may only be sold by licensed LCS Dealers with royalties paid on Registered and Certified classes of seed and Grower Agreements signed by purchasers agreeing to only produce one commercial crop from the purchased seed.